Born in Berlin, came to America at age 12 and attended the Lexington School for the deaf, leaving in 1881 to go to the Cooper Union Art School. 1891-1893, studied in Paris under Laurens and Constant. Exhibited at the Kaufman Emporium and Bazaar; awarded the Ribbon of Officier de Instruction Publique. Member of the Society of Deaf Artists. Died in New York City.
Who Was Who in American Art, 1985, p.9; Representative Deaf Persons [first edition], p.148-150; Representative Deaf Persons [second edition], p.165-166.
15 December 1863-10 March 1940