At age 5, contracted an illness that blinded her and left her deaf in one ear and hard of hearing in the other. Orphaned as a girl, she went to an institute for the blind, where she lost her remaining hearing. A deaf-blind institute took her in, and its headmaster succeeded in teaching her to speak intelligibly and to give her a basic education. She attended the University of Moscow, graduating and becoming a researcher in the problems of the deaf-blind at the Moscow Institute of Defectology. Author of a book, How I Perceive and Conceive the World Surrounding Me (translated into several languages), and others on deaf-blindness.
We Have Overcome, p.142-144.