Born at Fulton, MO, to deaf parents in the original building of the Missouri School for the Deaf. Gradual hearing impairment from age 7, total by age 13. Attended hearing schools until age 13, then assisted his father in farming. Entered Gallaudet College in 1871, graduating 1876. After a couple of clerkships, became a teacher in Chicago day schools for the deaf . Published for one year the monthly Chicago letter. Attended the founding convention of the National Association of the Deaf in 1880, and held various NAD offices including president (1889-1893). Taught at the Illinois Institution for the deaf 1880-1882, then became a teacher in the Florida School for the deaf from 1882 on. Fluent in reading and translating 5 foreign languages and less fluent in two more.
Sands of Time, p.37-44; Representative Deaf Persons [first edition], p.47-49; Representative Deaf Persons [second edition], p.35-36.
10 January 1855-5 January 1930