Born in Perth, Scotland and deaf at age 2 1/2 from scarlet fever. His education is unclear, but he may have attended Donaldson's Hospital School for the deaf in Edinburgh beginning around 1887. Attended the Edinburgh College of Art in 1904 and the Royal Scottish Academy in 1905. Co-founded The Edinburgh Group, a school of Scottish artists, in 1912, which lasted until about 1921. Concentated mainly on watercolor landscapes; in 1939, made a full Academian of the Royal Scottish Academy, only the second deaf person to achieve that prestige since Walter Geikie (q.v.). Died in Edinburgh.
Deaf Lives, p.169.
14 February 1880-22 October 1951