Although Hairston and Smith state in Black and Deaf in America that Battiste might have been Black, contemporary articles about him make it clear that he was strongly, perhaps totally, Native American instead. Deaf at age 13 from unknown causes; graduate of the Pennsylvania School for the Deaf and of Gallaudet College in 1913. Worked as a chemist for Carbon Company in Ohio, then studied briefly at Oregon Agricultural College. Worked in the Ohio rubber industry during World War I, then ran a tire and gas station at Minden, NE until at least 1940. Died in Los Angeles.
Deaf Biographical File in the Gallaudet University Archives; Black and Deaf in America, p.11-16; Silence of the Spheres, p.86-87; The Deaf in the Professions, Arts and Trades, p.42.
2 December 1891-9 November 1968