Born at Savannah, Carroll County, IL; deafened at age 13 by illness. Wrote her first poems while a student at the Illinois School, 1859-69; married G.E. Fischer (q.v.) and lived in Omaha, NE until his death on July 4, 1904; after that, she divided her time between Rockford and Savannah, IL. In the late 1870s, she began a campaign to get women students admitted to Gallaudet College. Deaf Persons in the Arts and Sciences, p.117-118; Notable Deaf Persons, p.136-139; Gallaudet Encyclopedia, vol.2, p.178-9; ABC-Clio companion, p.125; The Frat, vol.40 no.7, Feb. 1943, p.3, 5; Deaf Women, p.110; Representative Deaf Persons [first edition], p.133-137.
11 August 1841-2 April 1925