Born on a farm near Beach, N.D., and deafened as an infant by meningitis. Home schooled since the nearest deaf school was 350 miles away, until his family moved in 1918 and enrolled him in the Minneapolis Day School for the Deaf. Graduated Minneapolis Central High School at age 22. Studied art and architecture at the University of Minnesota, graduating cum laude, 1933; attended Minnesota School of Art and Cranbrook Academy of Art. Taught for years at Monticello College (now Lewis and Clark Community College), Godfrey, IL.
Deaf Persons in the Arts and Sciences, p.11-15; Deaf Artists in America, p.173-181; Great Deaf Americans, The Second Edition, p.136-141; Deaf Heritage, p.94-95; Digest of the Deaf, vol.1 no.3, June 1939, p.12-16; Gallaudet Encyclopedia, 1987, vol.1, p.34-6; We Can!, vol. 1, p.25-29; Interesting Deaf Americans, p.106-108.
10 June 1906-18 November 1988