Born in Brooklyn, NY. Graduated from the New York School for the Deaf (Fanwood), 1947, and from Gallaudet College, 1952. M.A. from San Francisco State University, 1959. Teacher at the California School for the Deaf, Berkeley, 1952-67, and at Gallaudet. Met and studied mime with Marcel Marceau in 1956; one of the founders of the National Theatre of the Deaf; directed and appeared in stage, TV, and movie productions. Visiting professor and artist-in-residence at Gallaudet University until retirement to a house in the Hollywood Hills, CA about 1995. In 1999, created a $1 million endowment at Gallaudet University to promote studies in the deaf theater arts. A 1972 biography is Signs of Silence, and his 1989 autobiography is Lessons in Laughter. Honorary doctorate of letters degree from Gallaudet in 1988..
Deaf Persons in the Arts and Sciences, p.50-54; Great Deaf Americans, The Second Edition, p.226-231; The Eagle Soars to Enlightenment, p.364-366; Profiles in the Arts, p.1-3; Silent Worker, July 1960, p.3-5; Gallaudet Encyclopedia, vol.1, p.146-7; Interesting Deaf Americans, p.17-20; I'm Deaf Too!, p.8-11; Discoveries, p.37.
27 September 1928-