Born at Cramond near Edinburgh; deafened at an early age by scarlet fever; attended the Braidwood school in Edinburgh. Held various government accounting positions, culminating in Auditor of Excise of Scotland, 1804-1832. Wrote or edited four books; is buried in St. Cuthbert's Parish Churchyard, Edinburgh.
Deaf Lives, p.198-199; British Deaf News, vol.23 no.1, Jan. 1992, p.18-19; Peeps into the Deaf World, p.357-358.
9 March 1762-25 October 1838