Lydian (modern-day Asian Turkey)
One of two sons (name unknown) of King Croesus is the earliest recorded deaf person in history. (Atys, the other son, was hearing and had his name preserved for history.) Lydian-Greek mythology has Croesus consulting an oracle about his deaf and mute son, and being told the son will first speak only on "an unhappy day". The legend goes on to say that when Croesus was later defeated in a battle, his life was saved when his deaf son suddently spoke to request his father's life be spared, although Croesus lost his empire.
Notable Deaf Persons, p.131-133; Peeps into the Deaf World, p.326; Herodotus, Book I; Xenophon, Cyropaedia.
fl. 575-550 B.C.